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5October262013-June292014BridgeGalleryBarbizonPaintingsTheartistsoftheBarbizonSchooldifferedinageworkingtechniqueartisticbackgroundandlifestyle.TheBarbizonSchoolwasnotanofficialartacademybutratheranassociationthatserendipitouslyformedbeginninginthe1820sintheForestofFontainebleauandthemanyhamletssurroundingtheforestespeciallythesmalltownofBarbizon.AtthetimetheForestofFontainebleauwasadenseforestof42000acres.Anumberofartiststookupresidencetheresomeyear-roundmanyjustforthesummer.Allcametoescapethecityanditsencroachingindustrializedsociety.TheseartistsincludedThodoreRousseauJean-FranoiseMilletNarcisseDiazdelaPenaCamilleCorotCharles-FranoiseDaubignyandmanyotherswhoconcentratedonlandscapeandscenesofrurallife.CollectivelytheseartisticpioneerschampionedlandscapepaintingatatimewhentheFrenchartacademiesandtheofficialsalondidnot.ArtistsoftheBarbizonSchoolwereparticularlyadmiredbyAmericancollectorsandwereaparticularfavoriteofoneoftheMuseumsfoundersHerbertFitzpatrick.In1952hedonatedmorethan25importantpaintingsbyartistsoftheBarbizonSchool.InsubsequentyearsotherareacollectorshavegenerouslyaddedtothislegacycollectionincludingMaryH.ResenerDr.andMrs.DonH.TitusandDr.JohnandAmberHaid.TheseFrenchartistswhopioneeredpaintingout-of-doorsgreatlyinfluencedandwereeventuallyeclipsedbyayoungergenerationofartiststheimpressionists.ThisexhibitisgenerouslysponsoredbytheIsabelleGwynnandRobertDaineExhibitionEndowmentWestVirginiaDivisionofCultureandHistoryandNationalEndowmentfortheArtswithapprovalfromtheWestVirginiaCommissionontheArts.TheodoreRousseauFrench1812-1867Landscapen.d.Oilonpanelimage1014x157826x40.3cm.GiftofHerbertFitzpatrick1952.373